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Prime area of learning and development - Communication and Language plus Literacy - the prime areas are the most important for children and help prepare them for school. The prime areas must be the focus for all babies and young children and, if a child is not developing well in the prime areas, strategies must be put in place to support them.

Use the search box below to help find what you are looking for - (results will open in a new window):

Listening and attention

This is about how children focus their attention and develop skills needed to concentrate. By school age, children need to be able to sit for a while and listen to what is going on around them, concentrating on a speaker.

Resources to support children’s listening and paying attention development include -


This is about how interactions between adults and children help them to develop an understanding of language including asking and answering questions and following instructions.

Resources to support children’s understanding include -


This is about children’s communication including their speech and language development, how they express themselves and use appropriate language.

Resources to support children’s speaking skills include -



This is about children’s exposure to a wide range of books, rhymes, stories, role play with puppets, magazines, comics and other written documents.


This is about children’s developing phonic understanding which develops as they are exposed to the written word and start to give meaning to the marks they make.


The following resources will help promote children’s reading and writing -

The 'Recommended Books' Section of the Forum will also prove useful to you.

Other Resources

Links to other sites: -

(please note you will be leaving the Childminding Help website when clicking these links - Links are offered in good faith, Childminding Help cannot be held responsible for their content. Please notify me if links change or don't work, thank you)

ITV runs a free children's storytelling website called Signed Stories ( There are lots of the very best children's picture books online and they are adding to the site constantly. Stories are accessible in sound, subtitles, sign language and animation and there is a parent/carer/teacher zone as well. the website has won four awards in 12 months and is enjoyed by children all over the UK and abroad.

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